APPENDIX 1 Bottero’s quote re: Sumerians

There is some evidence that establishes the beginnings of the original “Sumerians.” According to Jean Bottero, PhD, “We know that it (Fertile Crescent) was then populated progressively by the inhabitants of the piedmonts of Kurdistan and of the Zagros Mountains, themselves possibly descendants of the Cave dwellers, whose oldest remains go back more than a hundred centuries.” Further, “During the fourth millennium the Sumerians who probably came from the southeast (Dilmun?) seemingly came to mingle with the first populations of “natives” about whom we know almost nothing, and with Semites who had left the seminomadic groups that led their flocks of sheep and goats on the northern borders of the great Syro-Arabian desert and that never ceased to infiltrate among the sedentary people. We do not know the roots of the Sumerians or their earlier habitat, with which they seem to have cut all contacts and from which they never received any new blood, in contrast to the Semites who were perpetually reinforced by the arrival of new relatives. It is especially due to this Sumero-Semitic symbiosis with the probable but to us unrecognizable participation o.f the ill-known earlier occupants and of their cultural heritage, that from the fourth millennium on what we can call an urban high civilization flourished. It was complex and original, and it was the first in world history.” (Bottero. Mesopotamia.p. 47)

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